Date of birth 20 August 1913
Place Hartford, CT,, United States of America (America)
Nomination 17 April 1978
Field Neuropsychology, Neurobiology
Title Professor of Psychobiology, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA. Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 1981
Place and date of death Pasadena, CA, USA † 17 April 1994
Summary of scientific research
Showed: (a) nerves are not functionally interchangeable as long supposed and (b) the central nervous system is hardwired in many respects; (c) brain connections are grown in selectively by chemoaffinity guidance ultimately traceable to genetic control; (d) electric field theory of brain function does not hold up under experimental test; (e) the corpus callosum servs to integrate higher cognitive functions between left and right hemispheres of the brain (with Ronald Myers); (f) right and left hemispheres have different cognitive modes (with Jerre Levy and others); (g) mental states can control brain states through emergent interaction and downward causal control; the result reverses the scientific status and treatment of subjective phenomena, transforms scientific views of human and nonhuman nature, and proposes a changed (macrodeterminist) conceptual foundation for science.