Stanislas Dehaene

dehaene2010

Date of Birth 12 May 1965
Place Roubaix (France)
Nomination 9 June 2008
Field Experimental Cognitive Psychology
Title Professor

Most important awards, prizes and academies
Fanny Emden Prize, French Academy of Sciences (1996); Jean Rostand Award for the book La Bosse des Maths (1997); James S. McDonnell Centennial Fellowship (1999); Villemot Prize, French Academy of Sciences (1999); Jean-Louis Signoret Prize, IPSEN Foundation (2001); Boehringer-Ingelheim Prize, Federation of European Neuro-science Societies (2002); Pius XI Medal of The Pontifical Academy of Sciences (2002); Grand Prix de la Fondation Louis D. de l'Institut de France (avec D. Le Bihan) (2003); Membre de l'Académie des sciences (2005); Grande médaille d'or, Association Arts-Sciences-Lettres (2007).

Summary of scientific research
Stanislas Dehaene received his training in mathematics at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris, then completed a PhD in cognitive psychology with Jacques Mehler, post-doctoral studies with Michael Posner, as well as neuronal modelling studies with Jean-Pierre Changeux. He has been working since 1997 at the Orsay brain imaging center near Paris (Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot of the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique), where he has directed the Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit since 2001. In September 2005 he was elected full professor of the newly created chair of Experimental Cognitive Psychology at the Collège de France in Paris. Stanislas Dehaene's interests concern the cerebral bases of specifically human cognitive functions such as language, calculation, and reasoning. The team uses a variety of experimental methods, including mental chronometry in normal subjects, cognitive analyses of brain-lesioned patients, and brain-imaging studies with positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and high-density recordings of event-related potentials. Formal models of minimal neuronal networks are also devised and simulated in an attempt to throw some links between molecular, physiological, imaging, and behavioural data. Stanislas Dehaene's main scientific contributions include the study of the organization of the cerebral system for number processing. Using converging evidence from PET, ERPs, fMRI, and brain lesions, Stanislas Dehaene demonstrated the central role played by a region of the intraparietal sulcus in understanding quantities and arithmetic (the number sense). He was also the first to demonstrate that subliminal presentations of words can yield detectable cortical activations in fMRI, and has used these data to support an original theory of conscious and nonconscious processing in the human brain. With neurologist Laurent Cohen, he also studied the neural networks of reading and demonstrated the crucial role of the left occipito-temporal region in word recognition (the visual word form area).

Main publications
Articles: Dehaene-Lambertz, G., & Dehaene, S. Speed and cerebral correlates of syllable discrimination in infants, Nature, 370, 292-5, 1994; Dehaene, S., Naccache, L., Le Clec'h, G., Koechlin, E., Mueller, M., Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Van de Moortele, P.F., & Le Bihan, D., Imaging unconscious semantic priming, Nature, 395, 597-600, 1998; Dehaene, S., Le Clec'h, G., Cohen, L., Van de Moortele, E., & Le Bihan, D., Inferring behaviour from functional brain images, Nature Neuroscience, 1, 549-50, 1998; Dehaene, S., Kerszberg, M., & Changeux, J.P., A neuronal model of a global workspace in effortful cognitive tasks, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 95, 14529-34, 1998; Dehaene, S., Spelke, L., Pinel, P., Stanescu, R., Tsivkin, S., Sources of mathematical thinking: behavioral and brain-imaging evidence, Science, 284, 970-4, 1999; Dehaene, S., Naccache, L., Cohen, L., Le Bihan, D., Mangin, J.F., Poline, J.B., & Riviere, D., Cerebral mechanisms of word masking and unconscious repetition priming, Nature Neuroscience, 4, 752-8, 2001; Simon, O., Mangin, J.F., Cohen, L., Bruandet, M., Pinel, P., Hennel, F., Poline, J.B., Bihan, D.L., & Dehaene, S., Topographical arrangement of hand, eye, calculation, and language related areas in the human intraparietal sulcus, Neuron, 33, 475-87, 2001; Dehaene-Lambertz, G., Dehaene, S., Hertz-Pannier, L., Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants, Science, 2002, 298, 2013-5; Pica, P., Lemer, C., Izard, V., Dehaene, S., Exact and approximate arithmetic in an Amazonian indigene group,Science, 2004, 306, 499-503; Sergent, C., Baillet, S., Dehaene, S., Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink, Nature Neuroscience, 2005, 8, 1391-1400. Books: Dehaene, S. (Ed.) Numerical Cognition, Oxford, Blackwell, 1992; Dehaene, S. (Ed.) Le cerveau en action: l'imagerie cérébrale en psychologie cognitive, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1997; Dehaene, S. La Bosse des Maths, Paris, Editions Odile Jacob, 1997; Dehaene, S. The number sense, New York, Oxford University Press, 1997; Cambridge (UK), Penguin press, 1997; Dehaene, S. (Ed.) The cognitive neuroscience of consciousness, Cambridge, MIT Press, 2002.

Professional address

Inserm-CEA
Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit
CEA/SAC/DSV/DRM/NeuroSpin
Bât 145, Point Courrier 156
F-91191 Gif sur Yvette (France)

Related

  • Human Neuroplasticity and Education

    Working Group 27-28 October 2010 A.M Battro, S. Dehaene and W.J. Singer (eds) Scripta Varia 117 Vatican City, 2011 pp. 260 ISBN 978-88-7761-103-1 ... Read more
  • Human Neuroplasticity and Education

    Working Group 27-28 October 2010 – This meeting can be considered as the continuation of the workshop on Mind, Brain and Education held at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences... Read more
  • Neurosciences and the Human Person

    Working Group 8-10 November 2012 – Each generation of neuroscientists, philosophers and theologians has the task of analyzing and assessing new advances in the understanding of the human person,... Read more

Papers

The Brain Mechanisms of Conscious Access and Introspection (PDF) 2012

The Massive Impact of Literacy on the Brain and its Consequences for Education (PDF) 2010

Cognition, Consciousness, and Culture: Understanding Human Cognition and its Grounding in a Primate Brain (PDF) 2008